Our research interest is to know how a long string of human genome is three-dimensionally organized in the cell, and how the human genome is read out for cellular proliferation, differentiation and development. For this purpose, we are using a unique combination of molecular cell biology and biophysics, such as single molecule imaging, superresolution imaging, X-ray scattering and computational simulation.
Human genome chromatin consists of irregularly folded 10-nm fibers and forms numerous chromatin domains in the cell nuclei. Chromatin dynamically behaves like “liquid”. NPC, nuclear pore complex; NE, nuclear envelope.
Nagashima R, Hibino K, Ashwin SS, Babokhov M, Fujishiro S, Imai R, Nozaki T, Tamura S, Tani T, Kimura H, Shribak M, Kanemaki MT, Sasai M, Maeshima K. Single nucleosome imaging reveals loose genome chromatin networks via active RNA polymerase II. J Cell Biol. 2019 May 6;218(5):1511-1530.
Maeshima K, Ide S, Babokhov M. Dynamic chromatin organization without the 30-nm fiber. Curr Opin Cell Biol. 2019 Jun;58:95-104.
Maeshima K, Matsuda T, Shindo Y, Imamura H, Tamura S, Imai R, Kawakami S, Nagashima R, Soga T, Noji H, Oka K, Nagai T. A Transient Rise in Free Mg(2+) Ions Released from ATP-Mg Hydrolysis Contributes to Mitotic Chromosome Condensation. Curr Biol. 2018 Feb 5;28(3):444-451.e6.
Nozaki T, Imai R, Tanbo M, Nagashima R, Tamura S, Tani T, Joti Y, Tomita M, Hibino K, Kanemaki MT, Wendt KS, Okada Y, Nagai T, Maeshima K. Dynamic Organization of Chromatin Domains Revealed by Super-Resolution Live-Cell Imaging. Mol Cell. 2017 Jul 20;67(2):282-293.e7.