Miyagishima lab. home > Publications

Publication list


Arakaki, Y., Fujiwara, T., Kawai-Toyooka, H., Kawafune, K., Featherston, J., Durand, P.M., Miyagishima, S., and Nozaki, H. (2017). Evolution of cytokinesis-related protein localization during the emergence of multicellularity in volvocine green algae. BMC Evol. Biol. 17, 243


Jong, L.W., Fujiwara, T., Nozaki, H., and Miyagishima, S. (2017). Cell size for commitment to cell division and number of successive cell divisions in multicellular volvocine green algae Tetrabaena socialis and Gonium pectorale. Proc. Japan Acad. Ser. B 93, 832-840.


Hirooka, S., Hirose, Y., Kanesaki, Y., Higuchi, S., Fujiwara, T., Onuma, R., Era, A., Ohbayashi, R., Uzuka, A., Nozaki, H., Yoshikawa, H., and Miyagishima, S. (2017). Acidophilic green algal genome provides insights into adaptation to an acidic environment. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 114, E8304-E8313.


Onuma, R., Mishra, N., and Miyagishima, S. (2017). Regulation of chloroplast and nucleomorph replication by the cell cycle in the cryptophyte Guillardia theta. Sci. Rep. Article 2345


Fujiwara, T., Ohnuma, M., Kuroiwa, T., Ohbayashi, R., Hirooka, S. and Miyagishima, S. (2017). Development of a double nuclear gene-targeting method by two-step transformation based on a newly established chloramphenicol-selection system in the red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Front. Plant Sci. Article 343


Sumiya, N. and Miyagishima, S. (2017). Hierarchal order in the formation of chloroplast division machinery in the red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Commun. Integr. Biol. e1294298


Miyagishima, S. (2017). Chloroplast division: A handshake across membranes. Nature Plants 3:17025. Comments on Wang et al., (2017).



Sumiya, N., Fujiwara, T., Era, A. and Miyagishima, S. (2016). Chloroplast division checkpoint in the algal cell cycle. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 113, E7629-E7638.


Hirooka, S., and Miyagishima, S. (2016). Cultivation of acidophilic algae Galdieria sulphuraria and Pseudochlorella sp. YKT1 in media derived from acidic hot springs. Frontier Microbiology Arcticle 2022


Ohbayashi, R., Yamamoto, J., Watanabe, S., Kanesaki, Y., Chibazakura, T., Miyagishima, S., and Yoshikawa, H. (2016). Variety of DNA replication activity among cyanobacteria correlates with distinct respiration activity in the dark. Plant Cell Physiol. 58, 279-286.


Rademacher, N., Kern, R., Fujiwara, T., Mettler-Altmann, T., Miyagishima, S., Hagemann, M., Eisenhut, M., Weber, A.P. (2016). Photorespiratory glycolate oxidase is essential for the survival of the red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae under ambient CO2 conditions. (2016). J. Exp. Bot. 67, 3165-3175.



Imamura, S., Kawase, Y., Kobayashi, I., Sone, T., Era, A., Miyagishima, S., Shimojima, M., Ohta, H., and Tanaka, K. (2015) Target of rapamycin (TOR) plays a critical role in triacylglycerol accumulation in microalgae Plant Mol. Biol. 89:309-318


Fujiwara, T., Kanesaki, Y., Hirooka, S., Era, A., Sumiya, N., Yoshikawa, H., Tanaka, K., and Miyagishima, S. (2015) A nitrogen source-dependent inducible and repressible gene expression system in the red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Front. Plant Sci. 6:657


Sumiya, N., Kawase, Y., Hayakawa, J., Matsuda, M., Nakamura, M., Era, A., Tanaka, K., Kondo, A., Hasunuma, T., Imamura, S., and Miyagishima, S. (2015) Expression of cyanobacterial acyl-ACP reductase elevates the triacylglycerol level in the red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Plant Cell Physiol.56,1962-1980


Fujii, G., Imamura, S., Era, A., Miyagishima, S., Hanaoka, M., and Tanaka, K. (2015)The nuclear-encoded sigma factor SIG4 directly activates transcription of chloroplast psbA and ycf17 genes in the unicellular red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. in press


Okazaki, K., Miyagishima, S., and Wada, H. (2015) Phosphatidylinositol 4-Phosphate Negatively Regulates Chloroplast Division in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 27,663-674


Kawafune. K., Hongoh, Y., Hamaji, T., Sakamoto, T., Kurata, T., Hirooka, S., Miyagishima, S., and Nozaki, H. (2015) Two different rickettsial bacteria invading Volvox carteri. PLOS ONE 10(2): e0116192



Sumiya, N., Fujiwara, T., Kobayashi, Y., Misumi, O., and Miyagishima, S. (2014) Development of a Heat-Shock Inducible Gene Expression System in the Red Alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. PLOS ONE 9(10):e111261


Miyagishima, S., Nakamura, M., Uzuka, A., and Era, A. (2014) FtsZ-less prokaryotic cell division as well as FtsZ- and dynamin-less chloroplast and non-photosynthetic plastid division. Front. Plant Sci., 5, 459


Hirooka, S., Higuchi, S., Uzuka, A., Nozaki, H., and Miyagishima, S. (2014) Acidophilic Green Alga Pseudochlorella sp. YKT1 Accumulates High Amount of Lipid Droplets under a Nitrogen-depleted Condition at a Low-pH. PLOS ONE, 9(9): e107702


Nakabachi, A., Ishida, K., Hongoh, Y., Ohkuma, M., and Miyagishima, S. (2014) Aphid gene of bacterial origin encodes a protein transported to an obligate endosymbiont. Curr. Biol., 24, pR640


Miyagishima, S., Fujiwara, T., Sumiya, N., Hirooka, S., Nakano, A., Kabeya, Y., and Nakamura, M (2014) Translation-independent circadian control of the cell cycle in a unicellular photosynthetic eukaryote. Nat. comm. ,5,3807


Miyagishima, S., Kabeya, Y., Sugita, C., Sugita, M., and Fujiwara, T. (2014) DipM is required for peptidoglycan hydrolysis during chloroplast division. BMC Plant Biol.,14,57


Mori, T., Igawa, T., Tamiya, G., Miyagishima, S., and Berger, F. (2014) Gamete Attachment Requires GEX2 for Successful Fertilization in Arabidopsis. Curr. Biol., 24,170-175



Nakabachi, A., Nikoh, N., Oshima, K., Inoue, H., Ohkuma, M., Hongoh, Y., Miyagishima, S., Hattori, M., and Fukatsu, T. (2013) Horizontal Gene Acquisition of Liberibacter Plant Pathogens from a Bacteriome-Confined Endosymbiont of Their Psyllid Vector. PLoS ONE, 8, e82612


Nakabachi, A., Ueoka, R., Oshima, K., Teta, R., Mangoni, A., Gurgui, M., Oldham, N. J., Echten-Deckert, G., Okamura, K., Yamamoto, K., Inoue, H., Ohkuma, M., Hongoh, Y., Miyagishima, S., Hattori, M., Piel, J., and Fukatsu, T. (2013) Defensive bacteriome symbiont with a drastically reduced genome. Curr. Biol., 23, 1478-1484


Imoto, Y., Kuroiwa, H., Yoshida, Y., Ohnuma, M., Fujiwara, T., Yoshida, M., Nishida, K., Yagisawa, F., Hirooka, S., Miyagishima, S., Misumi, O., Kawano, S., and Kuroiwa, T. (2013) Single-membrane-bounded peroxisome division revealed by isolation of dynamin-based machinery. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., 110, 9583-9588


Masud Rana, A.Y. K. Md., Tsujioka, M., Miyagishima, S., Ueda, M., and Yumura S. (2013) Dynamin contributes to cytokinesis via stabilizing actin filaments in the contractile ring. Genes to Cells, 18, 621-635


Kabeya, Y. and Miyagishima, S. (2013) Chloroplast DNA replication is regulated by the redox state independently of chloroplast division in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Plant Physiol., 161, 2102-2112


Igawa, T., Yanagawa, Y., Miyagishima, S., and Mori, T. (2013) Analysis of gamete membrane dynamics during double fertilization of Arabidopsis. J. Plant Res. 126, 387-394



Miyagishima,S., Suzuki, K., Okazaki, K., and Kabeya, Y. (2012) Expression of the nucleus-encoded chloroplast division genes and proteins regulated by the algal cell cycle. Mol. Biol. Evol., 29, 2957-2970


Yoshida, Y., Miyagishima, S., Kuroiwa, H., and Kuroiwa, T. (2012) The plastid-dividing machinery: formation, constriction and fission. Curr. Opin. Plant Biol., 15, 714-721


Mogi, Y., Hamaji, T., Suzuki, M., Ferris, P., Mori,T., Kabeya, Y., Miyagishima,S., and Nozaki, H. (2012) Evidence for tubular mating structures induced in each mating type of heterothallic GONIUM PECTORALE (Volvocales, Chlorophyta). J. Phycol., 48, 670-674


Kuroiwa, T., Ohnuma, M., Imoto, Y., Misumi, O., Fujiwara, T., Miyagishima, S., Sumiya, N., and Kuroiwa, H. (2012) Lipid droplets of bacteria, algae and fungi and a relationship between their contents and genome sizes as revealed by BODIPY and DAPI staining. Cytologia, 77, 289-299




Miyagishima, S., Nakanishi, H., and Kabeya, Y. (2011) Structure, regulation, and evolution of the plastid division machinery. Int. Rev. Cell. Mol. Biol. 291, 115-153.


Miyagishima, S (2011) Evolution and regulation of the plastid division machinery. Plant Physiol., 155, 1533-1544.




Miyagishima, S. and Kabeya, Y. (2010) Chloroplast division: squeezing the photosynthetic captive. Curr. Opin. Microbiol. 13, 738-746.


Minoda, A., Weber, A.P., Tanaka, K., and Miyagishima, S. (2010) Nucleus-independent control of the rubisco operon by the plastid-encoded transcription factor Ycf30 in the red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Plant Physiol. 154, 1532-1540.


Kabeya, Y., Nakanishi, H., Suzuki, K., Ichikawa, T., Kondou, Y., Matsui, M., and Miyagishima, S. (2010) The YlmG protein has a conserved function related to the distribution of nucleoids in chloroplasts and cyanobacteria. BMC Plant Biol. 10, 57


*Suzuki K. and *Miyagishima S. (2010) Eukaryotic and eubacterial contributions to the establishment of plastid proteome estimated by large-scale phylogenetic analyses. Mol. Biol. Evol. 27, 581-590, *Co-first authors


The International Aphid Genomics Consortium (2010) Genome sequence of the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum. PLoS Biol. 8, e1000313


Nikoh, N., McCutcheon, J.P., Kudo, T., Miyagishima, S., Moran, N.A., and Nakabachi, A. (2010) Absence of functional gene transfer from the obligate endosymbiont Buchnera to its aphid host. PLoS Genet. 6, 1000827


Okazaki, K., Kabeya, Y., and Miyagishima, S. (2010) The evolution of the regulatory mechanism of chloroplast division. Plant Signal Behav. 5, 70-73.


Miyagishima, S. and Nakanishi, H. (2010) Chloroplast division machinery: origins and evolutions. In Red Algae in Genomic Age. (eds. J. Sechbach, D. J. Chapman, and A. Weber), Springer, in press


Nakabachi, A., Shigenobu, S., and Miyagishima, S. (2010) Chitinase-like proteins encoded in the genome of the pea aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum. Insect Mol. Biol. Supple 2, 175-185


Shigenobu, S., Richards, S., Cree, A. G., Morioka, M., Fukatsu, T., Kudo, T., Miyagishima, S., Gibbs, R.A., Stern, D.L., and Nakabachi, A. (2010). A full-length cDNA resource for the pea aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum. Insect Mol. Biol.Supple 2, 23-31


Nakabachi, A. and Miyagishima, S. (2010) Expansion of genes encoding a novel type of dynamin in the genome of the pea aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum. Insect Mol. Biol.Supple 2, 165-173


*Okazaki, K., *Kabeya, Y., Suzuki, K., Mori, T., Ichikawa, T., Matsui, M., Nakanishi, H., and Miyagishima, S. (2009) The PDV1 and PDV2 components of the chloroplast division machinery determine the rate of chloroplast division in land plant cell differentiation. Plant Cell 21, 1769-1780, *Co-first authors




Suzuki K., Nakanishi H., Bower J., Yoder D.W., Osteryoung K.W., and Miyagishima S. (2009) Plastid chaperonin proteins Cpn60alpha and Cpn60beta are required for plastid division in Arabidopsis. BMC Plant Biol. 9, 38


Nakanishi, H., Suzuki, K., Kabeya, Y., and Miyagishima, S. (2009) The plant-specific protein MCD1 determines the site of chloroplast division in concert with bacteria-derived MinD. Curr. Biol. 19, 151-156


Nakabachi, A., Koshikawa, S., Miura, T., and Miyagishima, S. (2009) Genome size of Pachypsylla venusta (Hemiptera: Psyllidae), and the ploidy of its bacteriocyte, the symbiotic host cell that harbors intracellular mutualistic bacteria with the smallest cellular genome. Bull. Entomol. Res. 100, 23-33


Glynn, J.M., Yang, Y., Vitha, S., Schmitz, A.J., Hemmes, M., Miyagishima, S., and Osteryoung, K.W. (2009) PARC6, a novel chloroplast division factor, influences FtsZ assembly and is required for recruitment of PDV1 during chloroplast division in Arabidopsis. Plant J. 59, 700-711


Nakanishi, H., Suzuki, K., Kabeya, Y., Okazaki, K., and Miyagishima, S. (2009) Conservation and differences of the Min system in the chloroplast and bacterial division site placement. Commun. Integr. Biol. 2:5, 1-3.




Miyagishima, S., Kuwayama, H., Urushihara, H., and Nakanishi, H. (2008) Evolutionary linkage between eukaryotic cytokinesis and chloroplast division by dynamin proteins. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 105, 15202-15207


*Hirai, M., *Arai, M., *Mori, T., Miyagishima, S., Kawai, S., Kita, K., Kuroiwa, T., Terenius, O., and Matsuoka, H. (2008) Male fertility of malaria parasites is determined by GCS1, a plant-type reproduction factor. Curr. Biol. 18, 607-613, *Co-first authors


Sakamoto, W., Miyagishima, S., and Jarvis, P. (2008) Chloroplast biogenesis: control of plastid development, protein import, division and inheritance. The Arabidopsis Book pp. 1-30.


Maruyama, S., Matsuzaki, M., Kuroiwa, H., Miyagishima, S., Tanaka, K., Kuroiwa, T., and Nozaki, H. (2008) Centromere structures highlighted by the 100%-complete Cyanidioschyzon merolae genome. Plant Signal Behav. 3, 140-141.




Glynn, J.M., Miyagishima, S., Yoder, D.W., Vitha, S., and Osteryoung, K.W. (2007) Chloroplast division. Traffic 8, 451-461.


Yoder, D.W., Kadirjan-Kalbach, D., Olson, B.J., Miyagishima, S., Deblasio, S.L., Hangarter, R.P., and Osteryoung, K.W. (2007) Effects of mutations in Arabidopsis FtsZ1 on plastid division, FtsZ ring formation and positioning, and FtsZ filament morphology in vivo. Plant Cell Physiol. 48, 775-791


Maruyama, S., Kuroiwa, H., Miyagishima, S., Tanaka, K., and Kuroiwa, T. (2007) Centromere dynamics in the primitive red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Plant J. 49, 1122-1129




Miyagishima, S., Froehlich, J.E., and Osteryoung, K.W. (2006) PDV1 and PDV2 mediate recruitment of the dynamin-related protein ARC5 to the plastid division site. Plant Cell18, 2517-2530




Miyagishima, S., Wolk, C.P., and Osteryoung, K.W. (2005) Identification of cyanobacterial cell division genes by comparative and mutational analyses. Mol. Microbiol. 56, 126-143


Misumi, O., Matsuzaki, M., Nozaki, H., Miyagishima, S., Mori, T., Nishida, K., Yagisawa, F., Yoshida, Y., Kuroiwa, H., and Kuroiwa, T. (2005) Cyanidioschyzon merolae genome. A tool for facilitating comparable studies on organelle biogenesis in photosynthetic eukaryotes. Plant Physiol. 137, 567-585


Miyagishima, S. (2005) Origin and evolution of the chloroplast division machinery. J. Plant Res. 118, 295-306


Miyagishima S. and Kuroiwa T. (2005) The Mechanism of Plastid Division: The Structure and Origin of The Plastid Division Apparatus. In The Structure and Function of Plastids (ed. R. Wise), Springer, Netherlands, pp. 103-121.




Miyagishima, S., Nozaki, H., Nishida, K., Nishida, K., Matsuzaki, M., and Kuroiwa, T. (2004) Two types of FtsZs for mitochondria and red-lineage chloroplasts: the duplication of FtsZ is implicated in endosymbiosis.  J. Mol. Evol. 58, 291-303


Matsuzaki M, Misumi O, Shin-I T, Maruyama S, Takahara M, Miyagishima S, Mori T, Nishida K, Yagisawa F, Nishida K, Yoshida Y, Nishimura Y, Nakao S, Kobayashi T, Momoyama Y, Higashiyama T, Minoda A, Sano M, Nomoto H, Oishi K, Hayashi H, Ohta F, Nishizaka S, Haga S, Miura S, Morishita T, Kabeya Y, Terasawa K, Suzuki Y, Ishii Y, Asakawa S, Takano H, Ohta N, Kuroiwa H, Tanaka K, Shimizu N, Sugano S, Sato N, Nozaki H, Ogasawara N, Kohara Y, and Kuroiwa T. (2004) Genome sequence of the ultrasmall unicellular red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae 10D. Nature 428, 653-657




Miyagishima, S., Nishida, K., Mori, T., Matsuzaki, M., Higashiyama, T., Kuroiwa H., and Kuroiwa, T. (2003) A plant-specific dynamin-related protein forms a ring at the chloroplast division site. Plant Cell 15, 655-665


Miyagishima, S., Nishida, K., and Kuroiwa, T (2003) An evolutionary puzzle: chloroplast and mitochondrial division rings.  Trends Plant Sci. 8, 432-438


Nishida, K., Takahara, M., Miyagishima, S., Kuroiwa, H., Matsuzaki, M., and Kuroiwa, T. (2003) Dynamic recruitment of dynamin for final mitochondrial severance in a primitive red alga. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100, 2146-2151


Ohta, N., Matsuzaki, M., Misumi, O., Miyagishima, S., Nozaki, H., Tanaka, K., Shin-I, T., Kohara, Y., and Kuroiwa, T. (2003) Complete sequence and analysis of the plastid genome of the unicellular red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolaeDNA Res. 10, 67-77


Momoyama, Y., Miyazawa, Y., Miyagishima, S., Mori, T., Misumi, O., Kuroiwa, H., and Kuroiwa, T. (2003) The preomorphic division of plastids by FtsZ in tobacco Bright Yellow-2. Eur. J. Cell Biol. 82, 323-332




Kobayashi, T., Takahara, M., Miyagishima, S., Ohta, N., Sasaki, N., Kuroiwa, H., and Kuroiwa, T. (2002) Detection and localization of a chloroplast-encoded HU-like protein that organizes chloroplast nucleoids. Plant Cell14, 1579-1589


Kuroiwa, H., Mori, T., Takahara, M., Miyagishima, S., and Kuroiwa, T. (2002) Chloroplast division machinery as revealed by immunofluorescence and electron microscopy. Planta 215, 185-190




Miyagishima, S., Takahara, M., Mori, T., Kuroiwa H., Higashiyama, T., and Kuroiwa, T. (2001) Plastid division is driven by a complex mechanism that involves differential transition of the bacterial and eukaryotic division rings. Plant Cell 13, 2257-2268


Miyagishima, S., Takahara, M., and Kuroiwa, T. (2001) Novel filaments 5 nm in diameter constitute the cytosolic ring of the plastid division apparatus. Plant Cell 13, 707-721


Miyagishima, S., Kuroiwa, H., and Kuroiwa, T. (2001) The timing and manner of disassembly of the apparatuses for chloroplast and mitochondrial division in the red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Planta212, 517-528


Higashiyama, T., Yabe, S., Sasaki, N., Nishimura, Y., Miyagishima, S., Kuroiwa, H., and Kuroiwa, T. (2001) Pollen tube attraction by the synergid cell. Science 293, 1389-1544


Takahara, M., Kuroiwa, H., Miyagishima, S., Mori, T., and Kuroiwa, T. (2001) Localization of the mitochondrial FtsZ protein in a dividing mitochondrion. Cytologia 66, 421-425


Mori, T., Kuroiwa, H., Takahara, M., Miyagishima, S., and Kuroiwa, T. (2001) Visualization of an FtsZ ring in chloroplasts of Lilium longiflorum leaves. Plant Cell Physiol.42, 555-559


Kuroiwa T., Kuroiwa H., Miyagishima S., and Nishimura Y. (2001) Inheritance of cytoplasmic traits ? embryological perspectives. In Current Trends in the Embryology of Angiosperms (eds. S. S. Bhojwani and W.-Y. Soh), Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp. 509-523.




Takahara, M., Takahashi, H., Matsunaga, S., Miyagishima, S., Sakai, A., Kawano, S., and Kuroiwa, T. (2000) A putative mitochondrial ftsZ gene is encoded in the unicellular primitive red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Mol. Gen. Genet. 264, 452-460




Miyagishima, S., Itoh, R., Toda, K., Kuroiwa, H., and Kuroiwa, T. (1999) Real-time analyses of chloroplast and mitochondrial division and differences in the behavior of their dividing rings during contraction. Planta 207, 343-353


Miyagishima, S., Itoh, R., Toda, K., Kuroiwa, H., Nishimura, M., and Kuroiwa, T. (1999) Microbody proliferation and segregation cycle in the single-microbody alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Planta 208, 326-336


Miyagishima, S., Itoh, R., Aita, S., Kuroiwa, H., and Kuroiwa, T. (1999) Isolation of dividing chloroplasts with intact plastid-dividing rings from a synchronous culture of the unicellular red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Planta209, 371-375


Miyazawa, Y., Sakai, A., Miyagishima, S., Takano, H., Kawano, S., and Kuroiwa, T. (1999) Auxin and cytokinin have opposite effects on amyloplast development and the expression of starch synthesis genes in cultured bright yellow-2 tobacco cells. Plant Physiol. 121, 461-469


Kuroiwa, T., Takahara, M., Miyagishima, S., Ohashi, Y., Kawamura, F., and Kuroiwa, H. (1999) The FtsZ protein is not located on outer plastid dividing rings. Cytologia 64, 333-342


Itoh, R., Takano, H., Ohta, N., Miyagishima, S., Kuroiwa, H., and Kuroiwa T. (1999) Two ftsH-family genes encoded in the nuclear and chloroplast genomes of the primitive red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Plant Mol. Biol. 41, 321-337




Miyagishima, S., Itoh, R., Toda, K., Takahashi, H., Kuroiwa, H., and Kuroiwa, T. (1998) Orderly formation of the double ring structures for plastid and mitochondrial division in the unicellular red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae.Planta 206, 551-560


Miyagishima S., Itoh, R., Toda, K., Takahashi, H., Kuroiwa, H., and Kuroiwa, T. (1998) Visualization of the microbody division in Cyanidioschyzon merolae with the fluorochrome brilliant sulfoflavin. Protoplasma 201, 115-119


Miyagishima, S., Itoh, R., Toda, K., Takahashi, H., Kuroiwa, H., and Kuroiwa, T. (1998) Identification of a triple ring structure involved in plastid division in the primitive red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae.J. Electron Microsc. 47, 269-272


Toda, K., Takano, H., Miyagishima, S., Kuroiwa, H., and Kuroiwa, T. (1998) Characterization of a chloroplast isoform of serine acetyltransferase from the thermo-acidiphilic red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 1403, 72-84




Takahashi, H., Kuroiwa, H., Miyagishima, S., Toda, K., Itoh, R., and Kuroiwa, T. (1997) Improved procedure for immunogold electron microscopy: rapid-freeze substitution with absolute acetone. Cytologia 62, 303-308